A journaling file system should always have their file system in a consistent state. For example, the MFT (Master File Table) should never indicate a cluster as being occupied while it in fact isn't. But so often when we don't cleanly shut Windows (2k or XP for that matter) down, the checkdisk that runs when Windows boots up again will find the exact inconsistency as described above.
Q: So is NTFS a journaling file system?
Q: Then why is NTFS inconsistent?
A: NTFS is ONLY inconsistent (or unsafe) when an unclean shutdown occurs if you are running Windows 2K or XP. Microsoft for some reason (most likely performance related) chose not to enable the journaling function for non-server version of Windows. Windows Vista, however, enables it by default (I'm assuming Windows 7 does as well).
Q: Should I enable NTFS journals then?
A: It's up to you really, but personally I have a higher preference for the safety of my data, and I can't tell the speed difference between having it enabled / disabled on my hard drives, so it's a definite Yes for me.
Q: How do I enable NTFS journals?
A: Go to command prompt and run the following command for each NTFS partition:
fsutil usn createjournal m=1000 a=100 C:Q: How do I check if my NTFS partition has journals enabled?
A: Run the following command:
fsutil usn queryjournal C:Q: Does that mean I don't have to run chkdsk any more?
A: Not really. Just that you don't have to do it every time you fail to shutdown your computer properly. You should still do it occasionally (like defrag).
Q: How do I disable chkdsk on start-up?